Who am I to say such things? Am I a parent? No. I am an Uncle who only gets to see his nieces and nephews when their parents decide to post pictures on Facebook (no, you can't be my friend... unless I know you, or an existing friend vouches for you, then you can), but I am the guy you take your children to when the bullying has gotten so bad that you feel something must be done. I am not going to look at bullying from a parental point of view. That's not my job and way outside my experience. I am going to take a look at bullying from a psychological point of view and how Martial Arts can help you and your children deal with bullying.
Oh, so you have some sort of training and qualifications in Psychology? No... In college I actually lead a petition to get Psychology removed from the science buildings, because it wasn't really a science... It was more of an art. Science requires repeatable data to prove phenomena. In this way Science can describe the macro and the micro phenomena. Psychology is very good at describing human nature in the general sense, but falls rather flat when it comes to the individual. This is good for us because we will look at what Psychology says about bullying in the general sense.
So first, what is bullying? What separates it from teasing? What makes a bully do what they do?
Bullying is described by the following three criteria.
- Power inequality
- Cold, calculated intent to cause harm
So what do we have with the three criteria? Power inequality. Let's face it, the weak do not pick on the strong. Weakness can come in a number of forms: physical weakness, you are weaker or smaller than someone else; mental weakness, you are not as intelligent as someone else; weakness of the heart, you think yourself weak (lack of self esteem or self confidence). Any of these things a bully can pick up on and attack. The bully will be in the superior position, the one being bullied in the inferior.
Repetition. Once the bully finds out that their target can be bullied, they will repeat the bullying over and over. It is never a one and done situation. The bully will attempt to maintain the power inequality, and continue the bullying.
Cold, calculated intent to cause harm. The bully feels nothing for the one being bullied. They are a target. So the bully coldly goes about the business of bullying. The bully will try to inflict damage, in any way that damage can be inflicted both physical and mental.
Now that we know what bullying is, what can we do to stop it? First and foremost, the best way to stop bullying is not to be a target for the bully. That means letting your child know what bullying is and how to avoid it. It means teaching your child to stand up for themselves. Confident people are rarely bullied. Why? It is extraordinarily difficult to get the vital power inequality on a confident person. Only physical power inequality can suffice, and most confident people are willing to take a beating to prove that they will not be dominated easily. Bullies, for the most part, won't take the time to attempt to break a confident person down. There are easier targets. So what builds confidence and self esteem? Doing estimable things. Overcoming adversity. Where can you find a safe environment where a child can do estimable things and overcome adversity?? MARTIAL ARTS!!!!
In the world of Martial Arts, you must understand that, like I have said in earlier posts, martial artists have an inherent sense of insecurity, most of the time this is because most martial artists were bullied as children. They turned to martial arts to fortify and strengthen themselves so that they would never be bullied again. The rest are athletes who found a neat way to compete against others, and were never bullied, because they are confident people. Their insecurity comes from their fear of failure. Anyway, of these two groups, I want to focus first on the group that was bullied. This group can be further broken down in to those that wish to instill confidence and strength in to their students, and those that, finding themselves now in a position of power inequality, scream and yell and bully their own students to "make them strong." Stay away from the latter. They are easy to spot.
Enough about instructors. The baisic rule is the same in life as it is in finding a good instructor... Stay away from douchebags.
Moving on to arts. What to teach children to teach them to overcome adversity, build their confidence, all the while giving them skills to defeat a bully should they be attacked. In my opinion, there is only one type of art to consider. Grappling arts. Don't get me wrong. I love the striking arts, but in today's school environments, there are no tolerance policies on violence. Grappling arts teach position dominance, and it is easier to suspend a student for landing a jab-cross-hook flying knee combination than for holding another child down in side control. Grappling arts are good as well because they can be put in to practice quicker than striking arts, they can be practiced full speed with out risk of injury, and the child builds confidence and self esteem by escaping from inferior positions. Grappling arts also teach how, with the use if leverage, a smaller weaker person can defeat a bigger stronger person. Exactly the kind of thing needed for the weaker person to get the upper hand on the stronger bully.
Three main arts deal with grappling Judo, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, and good old fashioned western wrestling. Of those three I am partial to Judo and BJJ, with Judo being my most preferred art for children. Judo focuses on throwing the opponent to the ground and holding him there for an extended period of time. BJJ teaches submissions right away, and, in my opinion, it is best if children do not attempt to choke or break bones on the school yard. Judo gets the bully to the ground, and keeps them there until a teacher or adult can break up the scuffle. There is also nothing like not being able to escape from an inferior position to humble an opponent.
It is very important that the school that you are taking your child to teaches the morality of the use of force. It is important that you reinforce that morality in your home. The tenets will center around holding yourself, the fighter, to a higher standard of the rules. They will be about the strong protecting the weak, and only using the art to defend one's self or a weaker person from harm. Learning the arts will create that ever important power inequality and create a bully where once there was none. The school will teach that it is OK to fight in certain situations. It is important that you realize that violence must be met with violence in situations where words will not work. It is vitally important that you teach your child that it is OK to defend themselves and others against the bully.
A little bit now on what makes a bully. The bully is most likely a social outcast of their own peer group. Let's face it, would you want to hang out with someone who constantly picked on the weaker people? I wouldn't either. The bully acts on the that power inequality because it makes them feel good to dominate another person. There are many triggers that could make make the bully seek to bully, but the result is always the same. They like the feeling of domination. It is this feeling of domination that must be attacked for the bullying to stop. You can't dominate someone with indomitable spirit. It is up to you, the parent, to build that indomitable spirit. Martial Arts can help.